mobile app testing
The steady decline in mobile web usage has made it essential for enterprises to launch mobile applications. But a number of studies have highlighted that a large percentage of users delete mobile apps after downloading them from the app store due to their poor quality and user experience. So each business needs to explore ways to optimize the Mobile application’s functionality and performance to make it popular and profitable. Most businesses nowadays deploy seasoned QA professionals to assess the mobile app’s look, feel, functionality, performance, and user experience thoroughly. There are also a number of reasons why many businesses are making and implementing comprehensive mobile testing plans.
6 Reasons Why Most Modern Businesses Test Mobile App Thoroughly
1) Cross Platform Mobile App development
While planning mobile apps, most businesses nowadays target several popular mobile operating systems like Android, iOS and Windows Phone. There are also a number of advanced tools that enable developers to create the same application for different platforms using a single code base. But the businesses still need to ensure that the mobile app deliver quality user experience regardless of the mobile operating system. The QA professionals test the app thoroughly on each platform, and identify the flaws affecting the application’s performance.
2) Device Fragmentation
While planning a mobile app, businesses also need to target a wide variety of devices powered by the same mobile operating system. For instance, each business wants its iOS app to run on iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch. Likewise, it has to target various models of smartphones, tablets and phablets while planning Android apps. But the screen size, resolution and other hardware characteristics of individual devices differ. So the business needs to ensure that the app delivers quality user experience across many devices. The QA professionals have to assess the app’s look, feel, performance and functionality across multiple devices to make the users access the app regularly.
3) Frequent Operating System Updates
Apple, Google and Microsoft update their respective mobile operating systems at regular intervals. Each updated version of the mobile platform comes with several new features and performance improvements to deliver richer user experience. Thus, the mobile app scenario is transformed each time a mobile operating system is updated. The users further expect the mobile app to take advantage of the new features included in the most recent version of the operating system. So the testers have to assess the impact of changes made to the code to ensure that the app functions flawlessly on the latest version of the mobile platform.
4) Emphasis on Resource and Battery Consumption
The most recent version of iOS and Android enable users to identify the mobile apps that affect the device’s battery life and consume more memory resources. The features make it easier for users to identify and uninstall the resource-hungry apps. So the businesses need to ensure that their apps do not consume additional memory resources. But the amount of resources consumed by the application will vary from one device to another. So the QA professionals must monitor the application’s performance across a variety of device to ensure that they do not consume extra battery and memory resources.
5) More Focus on UI and UX
To make a mobile app popular, each enterprise has to focus on its user interface (UI) and user experience (UX). Recently Apple enables users to accomplish tasks through 3D touch on iPhone 6 and iPad Pro. Likewise, the users also have option to use a stylus and an improved keyboard while using iPad Pro. So the businesses must create mobile UIs that take advantage of these new features. Likewise, they also need to ensure that the mobile app delivers quality UX on each device and operating system. So it becomes essential for businesses to deploy experienced testers to assess the application’s UI and UX thoroughly. The test results will also help them to launch apps with optimized UI and UX.
6) Optimizing App’s Performance in Different Environments
Unlike conventional software applications, the mobile apps are used in a wide variety of environments. For instance, a person may access the mobile apps with a number of data networks including 3G, 4G and Wi-Fi. So the testers need to assess the performance of the application with slow, fast and no internet connection. Likewise, they need to assess if the app can identify the exact location of the users and deliver more localized information. While making a mobile testing strategy, managers clearly mention the environments and conditions under which the app’s performance needs to be tested. Thus, the QA professionals can test the app’s performance under various environments and the bottlenecks affecting its performance in each environment.
The QA professionals need to perform a variety of tests to assess the quality of mobile apps accurately. That is why; most businesses invest in mobile app testing tools to get more accurate test results. Many enterprises even opt for cloud-based testing to complete all required tests within a shorter amount of time. However, they also perform certain tests manually to assess the user experience delivered by the mobile app effectively.
Native mobile applications are those which have been developed based on the iOS and Android SDKs. Like all other apps, these too need to be tested before made available for public use in order to ensure that they are devoid of major faults or bugs which might cause people to stop using them. Following are a list of automated testing tools which you can use to test your native mobile apps with ease and reliability as they provide you with highly accurate feedbacks.
- Calabash (Android and iOS): Comparable to the likes of Selenium, Calabash (Android and iOS) is one of the best automated mobile testing tools which understands and tackles the difference between web app and mobile app smoothly.
- Frank (iOS): With the help of Frank (IOS), you can now create your very own text test/acceptance tests/requirements tests which can be executed with ease and detailed test results can be easily obtained. It also allows you to use an app inspector.
- MonkeyTalk (Android and iOS): Be it simple software tests like smoke test or complex texts which are driven by various data profiles, MonkeyTalk makes everything super easy on all sorts of systems like simulators or real devices.
- Robotium (Android): Native or hybrid apps, Robotium (Android) is up for testing all sorts of mobile apps. You can write your own tests and can apply them to span them for multiple Android applications at the same time.
- iOS UI Automation (iOS): You write the test scripts and iOS UI Automation (iOS) applies them to test the developed app so as to make it as error free as possible. You will get regular log information during the test procedure from the tool.
- Ui Automator (Android): Ui Automator (Android) specifically checks the native mobile app for the user interface and the ease with which the customers are able to handle the apps on touch screen devices.
- IOS-Driver (iOS): Completely workable with the likes of Selenium and other automated app testers, iOS-Driver (iOS) helps in the testing of both native and hybrid apps in order to detect the probable flaws in the developed apps in order to avoid customer’s dissatisfaction.
- Selendroid (Android): In case of Selendroid (Android), the tests have to written with the help of Selenium. It helps in testing both native as well as the hybrid apps and drives off, especially the user interface of the apps.
- Keep It Functional (iOS): KeepItFunctional (iOS) is an automated testing tool for native apps which pays special attention to the performance issues of the iOS apps. This framework specifically leverages the integration and utilises XCTest testing target to build and perform the specific tests.
- Appium (Android and iOS): If you are looking for a automated testing tool for your mobile apps which is written on codes with an open source then you must try Appium (Android and iOS). This is one of the best automated testing tools which test native apps perfectly.
These are some of the best automated testing tools which can be used for the detection of the probable flaws or bugs in the native apps of mobile which you have developed. The highly precise test results can be used for error rectification so that superior products are delivered.
With the increased number of smart phone users in the world, the needs for good mobile apps are increasing too. In the current era, majority of the smart phone users are accessing the internet via the mobile devices and most of our lives are dependent on the apps which provide us with all the basic needs. This has lead to the formation of a huge competition among the app makers to provide the end users with the best app which will satiate their needs. This calls in the requirement of mobile app testing.
- Checking Proper Functioning: The mobile apps should be tested to check the functionality of the same. When you are creating an app, you need it to deliver certain functions. App testing will ensure that your app delivers the desired function and that too in a speedy manner as people these days barely have time.
- Checking the Stress Level: As the usage of the mobile app is entirely dependent on the end user, you never know how much stress it may go through while being used. App testing will give you an idea of the stress level that can be handled by the app and also provide you with the report on how fast the app will gain back working capabilities in case it snaps under a certain amount of pressure.
- Security Facilities: Most of the mobile apps these days needs to be fed with personal information like email address or location details of the users. Banking apps also require knowledge of the codes and PIN numbers. Security of such information should be maintained at all time in order to safeguard the details of your customers. Security testing will show you how easy or difficult it is to breach the security parameters of your app.
- User Friendliness: The end users will always choose a mobile app which is easy to handle and understand. Hence it is very important that you test the ease of using your app before you release it for global usage. The app must be very easy to understand and deal with in order to become popular among the users.
- Compatibility: The apps are usually made up of various small modules which are integrated to make the app a whole one. Compatibility testing of the mobile app shows how smoothly the various modules work with one another so as to render smooth functionality of the app on a whole.
- Bug, Installing, Uninstalling and Updating: No user wants to work with an app which is filled with bug and is erroneous on the functionality front. Mobile app testing will ensure that your app is as bug free as possible. Also people have a hectic life style and want everything done at a rapid pace. Hence if your app has a speedy installing or uninstalling process at bay, it will be better accepted among the end users. Regular updates of your app should be provided in order to stay at par with the advancing technology and it is best if these updates get loaded quickly on your app. Mobile apps testing will give you all these details.
Thus you see how mobile apps testing are of utmost importance if you want to stay ahead of the raging competition of the mobile app industry.
Mobile devices are gaining importance rapidly and more and more people are switching to smart phones as a gateway to internet. As the generation is advancing, they are becoming completely dependent on the smart phones. Also with passing days, more and more applications are being developed and launched for public usage. This makes mobile app testing an important branch of software testing industry. However, certain things are to be kept in mind while testing the mobile apps.
- Selection of the Devices: The first and foremost job that you need to get done before testing the mobile application is to conduct a market survey that will give you a fair idea about the trending devices and you will have to test the mobile application keeping the construction of the device as most of your customers will be utilizing the same device to access you app. Compatibility of the device with your app has to be super smooth.
- Operating Systems: The next thing to be considered is the operating system on which the device is running. You have to test the compatibility and performance of your app on the said operating systems. The advancement of the technology has presented us with various operating systems and you have to test you app with them.
- Emulators: Emulators help to save time and money on the initial stages of app testing and helps in easy detection of bugs and flaws of the mobile app you are testing. This will lead to lesser complications. Make sure you are choosing the correct emulators for testing your mobile app.
- Browser Compatibility: While you are testing your mobile app for various defects, make sure to check the compatibility of the same in the various major browsers that may be used to access your app. The customers may choose any one of those browsers to use your app and hence it has to work smoothly on all of them.
The following questions may help you to strategize a good software testing procedure for the mobile application you are developing. It will detect the major issues and bugs so that it can be rectified to provide the customers with a more satisfactory end product.
- Is the installation procedure smooth enough for all existing devices?
- How easily can a user uninstall your application if needed?
- How well does your app work in case of poor or no network situations?
- Does your application allow proper display of features like logo, name, splash screen, etc.?
- How fast does your app start or restart?
- Does your mobile app affect the performance of the device or other apps?
- Are exit modes such as End key or Exit options etc. applicable for exiting your mobile app?
- Does your application allow phone calls or messages while it is launched?
- Is the application crashing after a phone call or message notification or prolonged use?
- Does it provide low battery notifications?
- Does the GUI you are using include colour scheme, theme, menu, font colour font style etc. compatible with all the devices/browsers?
- Is your application safe on security front?
We hope that these few tips will help you to make a good plan to test your mobile app to make it better and more compatible.