experts in security testing
A large percentage of businesses nowadays build apps by targeting several platforms and devices. So testers find it daunting to test the applications by emulating a variety of real devices, users, networks and environments. The testing professionals further need to perform a variety of tests to ensure that the mobile app resists a variety of security threats and attacks successfully.
The security testing tools make it easier for testers to check if the information stored in the mobile app, device and platform are 100% secure. The testers also have option to choose from a variety of static, dynamic and forensic security testing tools according to the specific requirements of the mobile app testing project.
5 Commonly Used Security Testing Tools for Mobile Apps
1) OWASP Zed Attack Proxy Project (ZAP)
ZAP is designed as an easy-to-use integrated penetration testing tool. It helps experienced developers and functional testers to perform security testing of applications without putting any extra effort. The static security testing tool further allows testers to reverse engineer communication protocols and test the vulnerability of the application by designing and sending malicious messages. The malicious messages will attack the application’s server-side resources, and help testers to check if the app is secure. However, ZAP is originally designed as a penetration testing tool for web applications.
2) HP Enterprise Software
HP Enterprise software is designed with features to help users perform security testing by targeting multiple devices, platforms and networks. The testers can use the enterprise software to perform end-to-end security testing of mobile apps. They can further use the tool to analyze static resources of the application, and schedule dynamic scans at regular intervals. The tool further allows them to emulate real user experience, and find bugs in the application in a real-time environment. At present, HP Enterprise Software supports major mobile platforms like iOS, Android, Windows Phone, and Blackberry.
3) Smart Phones Dumb Apps
The tool currently supports both iOS and Android mobile platforms. It is also associated with Google code repository. The testers can use the scripts provided by the Smart Phones Dumb Apps to scan the source code of iOS and Android apps. The source code scanning will help testers to identify the pieces of code that make the app vulnerable to various security attacks. The testers can further use the tool to run fortify SCA scans on the source code of Android applications written in Java programming language.
4) Android Debug Bridge (ADB)
ADB is included in Android Development Kit. The versatile command line tool enables testers to perform security testing of Android app across many devices. The testers can use ADB as a client-server tool. They also have option to connect the tool with various Android devices and emulator instances. ADB comes with features to help testers explore the file system of the mobile device. So they can easily find out the loopholes in the file system that makes the app vulnerable to various security threats.
5) IPad File Explorer
Despite its name, iPad File Explorer can be used to explore the file structure of all iOS devices. The third party tool further display the app data and media file on two distinct views. It can also read and display the app data just like normal file systems. So it becomes easier for users to view and explore the file system of the iPhone or iPad in a detailed and clear way. At the same time, they can also use the tool to explore the device storage file system of jailbroken iOS devices.
Many studies have highlighted how testers can effectuate security testing of mobile apps by combining multiple test automation tools. But it is always important for the business to pick and combine security testing tools according to the nature, usage and requirements of the mobile application to be tested.
With new security threats and malware emerging at frequent intervals, it has become essential for businesses to provide comprehensive security to their web applications. Most frameworks and IDEs provide a number of features to help programmers build secure applications. But the programmers still need to perform a variety of tests to ensure that the application can combat cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks, SQL injection, and similar threats successfully. Often the security of the software is impacted due to presence of insecure pieces of code in the code base.
So many testers nowadays review the source code of the product to identify the insecure pieces of code during production phase. The security code review process aims to identify the insecure piece code. Once the insecure piece of code is identified, programmers can rework on the code and eliminate the potential vulnerability that may affect the security of the software. An enterprise can further reap a number of benefits by reviewing the source code of the software at various phases of development.
5 Reasons Why Testers Must Perform Security Code Review
1) Code is reviewed by an Independent Tester
While writing code, programmers often focus on the software’s features and functionality. So they forget to include the controls required to make the application secure and inaccessible. The security code review process requires presence of two distinct roles. A programmer will be responsible for writing the piece of code, whereas another tester will review the code, identify the defects, and report the bugs to the programmer. The two professionals will coordinate with each other to ensure that the piece of code is secure and flawless.
2) Early Detection of Bugs
Many studies have highlighted that a business can save both time and cost by getting the software tested during various phases of development. The security code review process commences as soon as the programmers writes a piece of code completely. After completing coding, he will get the code reviewed by the tester, and make appropriate changes to the code according to the defects reported by the tester. So the bugs or flaws affecting the software’s security can be identified and fixed without any delay. The secure code generated during the production will help businesses to avoid additional testing time and cost.
3) Tools to Speed up Security Code Review Process
The testers can further use a variety of tools to review the source code of an application without putting any extra time and effort. They also have option to use specialized tools carry on coding and code review at a time. For instance, they can integrate the code review tools in the IDE, and perform code writing and review simultaneously. The self-code review makes it easier for programmers to generate 100% secure code without putting any extra time and effort. The code can be further reviewed by independent testers to identify and eliminate all flaws in the code.
4) Meet Compliance Requirements
Nowadays the security features of a software application affect its popularity and profitability. So many enterprises want the software to comply with certain security standards. Certain compliances like PCI requires applications to use 100% secure code. When a business performs security code review during the development phase, it can easily meet the compliance requirements and obtain the industry certification. The code review process will further help the business to launch certified software applications within a shorter amount of time.
5) Option to Combine Human Efforts and Technology
To deliver a secure application, each business has to deploy both experienced testers and advanced tools. The security code review process enables enterprises to combine human efforts with the right technology. The testers can always use tools to review larger pieces of code quickly and effectively. The tools will highlight the possible issues that make the code insecure. At the same time, they can assess the issues highlighted by the tools manually to identify the blind-spots left unidentified by the tools. Also, they can assess each issue contextually to find out and report the real issues to the programmer.
A business can further effectuate the security code review process by accelerating the review schedules. Further, it must include secure code review in the test plan to ensure that no piece of code remain untested during the development phase. The security code review methodologies also need to be reviews periodically to protect the software from latest security threats and attacks.
With the advancements of the technology, threats are becoming larger and more dangerous. It has become important to protect your system against threats and vulnerabilities in order to protect your information from getting into the wrong hands that can possibly take undue advantage of the same or cause harm to your system.
- Install Quality Antivirus: It is very important to install a professional grade software security system in order to protect the network from potential threats and vulnerabilities. These antiviruses help in protection of the system from wide range of threats unlike the free ones provided by the internet providers which often are inadequate.
- Install Real-Time Anti-Spyware Protection: A single antivirus often fails to provide all round protection to the system. It is important to secure your network with a business grade spyware in order to protect it from malwares and adwares.
- Keep Anti-Malware Applications Current: It is very important to see if the antimalware or the antivirus you are using is up to date. The database and system of these systems requires regular updating to function properly and protect your network against threats and vulnerabilities. Expiration of license should be avoided at all cost.
- Perform Daily Scans: Even If you have an up to date system of anti malwares, it may so happen that a particular virus or malware skips the system and infects the network you are working on. To avoid such situations, it is very important that you perform regular scans on the system.
- Disable Autorun: There are certain viruses that get attached to the system and install themselves thus causing threats to your network. In order to safeguard your system against such virus it is best to disable the Autorun system on your device. This will ask for your permission before installing any software to your system.
- Disable Image Previews in Outlook: Viruses or malwares sometimes come attached to certain image files in Outlook messages. Previewing these images will pose threats to your network. Latest Microsoft Outlook prevents previewing of image; however, an older version of the same may require manual setting for the same.
- Don’t click on email Links or Attachments: Clicking on random links that are attached to the e-mails often leads to exposing your network to the threats and vulnerabilities which may cause potential harm to the system. In order to avoid such threats avoid clicking links that appear on random e-mails from unknown sources.
- Surf Smart: link protections and browser plug-ins that come with the various business grade antiviruses should always be activated in order to protect the network from threats which are linked to various pages of the internet. It is best to avoid sharing personal info with pages that you have not manually arrived at.
- Use a Hardware-Based Firewall: Software based firewall often fail to protect the network against network traffics that are malicious in nature. These firewalls fail to protect the networks against threats and vulnerabilities when a third party gets involved in the system. These threats can be avoided by the use of a hardware based firewall.
- Deploy DNS Protection: DNS attacks are by far one of the most dangerous threats to the network at large. Compromised DNS servers will direct you to web pages and links that have the capability of affecting your system with potential viruses that will cause harm. Hence the process how your computer processes DNS should be checked and protected.
These are probably the ten most prominent ways to protect your network against threats and vulnerabilities.
Penetration testing is a part of the software testing procedure which helps you to detect the points of vulnerability present in your web app thus helping you to tweak it to make it stronger and more secure. It is usually performed with the help of manual or automated testing procedures in order to expose the weak points of a system.
- Manage Risk Properly: This is probably the most important aspect of penetration testing, to detect the vulnerable points related to the developed web app. One of the main reasons that an organization finances penetration technique is to make their app secure against attacks of an outside source. Penetration tests help in the detection and categorization of risks as high/medium or low.
- Increase Business Continuity: One of the main concerns of any business organization is a breach in their process of working or business due to systems crashing. Penetration testing helps to make the system full proof against external attacks which in turn helps to make the system a strong one which will not be crashing as often as the non tested ones. Penetration test helps in detection of the various vulnerable points of your web app which can be rectified.
- Minimize Client-side Attacks: Paying attention to just the system security is not a good idea. Organizations need to pay attention to the security of the patch files and the files which are required during the updating process of the system in order to protect the system from client side attacks. Protection of third party files which are required for the updating is also important.
- Protect Clients, Partners and Third Parties: When a system security is breached, it does not only harm the organization which is the target of the attack. It also causes potential harm to the clienteles, third party associated and the partners of the said organization. Penetration testing of the web app helps in determining the weak links of your system so that they can be made more secure and hence protects all the concerns.
- Comply with Regulation or Security Certification: Regular penetration testing of the web in certain interval of time helps in maintaining a high security level of the web app that you have produced. This in turn helps to maintain the standards set by the various boards of certification which have been set up to maintain the standards of the various software which gives a certain benefit to the developed software. .
- Evaluate Security Investment: You may already have a security system for your developed web app. But how secure is that system really? What kind of attacks is it capable of defending? Security testing helps you to determine how well you system is defended by the various posing threats with the help of the already existing security system. This test will bring forth the efficiency of the security system so that you can further improve it based on the requirements.
- Protect Public Relationships And Brand Issues: Developing goodwill for your brand and a healthy relationship with your clients will require years of devotion and hard work. However, a tiny security breach is enough to crumble down all these efforts. Penetration testing of the developed web app will ensure that this security breach is avoided so that you can successfully maintain your brand image in the competitive market.
Now that you are aware of the various benefits of web app penetration testing, be sure to perform it regularly in order to keep your system up to date against posing threats.
Penetration testing is a part of the software testing life cycle that checks out how the particular application being tested react to various attacks which can be both internal and external in nature. However, as the technology is advancing, applications are becoming more complex which leads to the development of certain challenges related to penetration testing.
- Session State Management: One of the most ardent problem of penetration testing is the fact that it becomes difficult for the testers to keep logged into a particular system while testing it. Various developers use various kinds of session tracking systems to keep a track of the traffic inflow into various software. Hence penetration testing will require the testers to manually set the various limitation depending upon the setting of the particular software related to the testing procedure. Often sending an attack to check the vulnerability leads to invalidating the current session.
- Logical Flow: When testing a website, penetration testing may become a bit problematic as certain websites act in different manner than certain others leading to changes in the process of penetration testing of the these software. Some websites provide direct access to the visitors to the main page of the site whereas others have to undergo some steps before they can access the main page or perform their actions related to the website.
- Custom URLs: Yet another problem which is faced during the penetration testing of a particular web application is the presence of various URLs that act in varied ways when they are implemented. Some of them are pretty simple and can be tested with simple methods and yet others make it difficult to fathom which portions or which kinds of attacks are to be implemented.
- Privilege Escalation: These days applications are customized more and more so as to fit the people who are using them completely. This leads to a problem as a single penetration testing method fails to test the vulnerabilities of all the individual custom settings that may be linked to the particular application. It also becomes quite difficult to conjure all the various custom settings that are possible and it kind of becomes a very difficult and time consuming job to detect the various short comings that may be linked with the various custom settings.
- False Negatives/Positives: It often becomes difficult to pin point he vulnerability that is associated with a particular software. Moreover it may so happen that you have created an attack which provides a certain result to the test process which is a false signal of either positivity or negativity. Working on further development of the software based on these results becomes difficult as they do not actually exist in reality or it may also lead to overlooking a problem which is actually present.
These are some of the most raging challenges which are faced by the testers while performing penetration testing on a particular software or web application and with the advancement of technology these challenges will become more persistent.
When it comes to software, banks probably have some of the most complicated software systems which have a lot of factors to deal with. The primary complication of the banking systems is the fact that they are integrated to a large number of other systems and have to perform transaction with them. Another key factor is the multi-tier security system that it has to support in order to safe keep the monetary as well as personal details of the customers. It also has to deal with a large number of customers at any given time. The banking systems also have to maintain a detailed database of all the customers as well as the daily transactions that are being performed by each of them on a daily basis. It also has to be ready to solve any kind of issues that the customers face and not to mention the varying range of transaction that may occur on any given day. This is why banking systems have to be up to date and running at all time.
All these factors makes software testing, an absolute essential for the banking systems, especially when it comes to performance and security. Banking systems have to be upgraded regularly and it has to be seen that their security is of the top level so that it can’t be easily breached by hackers in order to protect the interest of their customers. Software testing ensures that the systems used by the banks are of top notch quality.
Software testing is that part of the software development life cycle which ensures that the software performs exactly how it is intended to and is devoid of any complications which may be caused by various bugs that creep in during coding. Software testing actually begins before the developmental process with the feasibility testing which ensures the plausibility of the existence of the software and ends with the beta testing which is conducted after the completion of the development of the software to check the various aspects of the software such as user friendliness, security, performance, load capacity, functionality of the software and other vital issues.
The software which are used in the banking systems are some of the busiest ones available which requires to be up and running almost 24×7 for the ease of the customers. It also safe keeps the most valuable asset of the customers, i.e. money. This is why the banking systems need to be top notch in performance and highly secure in nature, so as to prevent the risk of being hacked. Also the banking systems need to be linked to a huge number of other systems like payment gateways and billing desks and hence requires to be tested for proper integration with these systems. Another feature of these banking systems are the varying amount of load which it may have to tackle and there might be an excess amount of load at any given point of time. Load testing is very essential for these systems as well as spike testing which will ensure that the system will be able to work under all load conditions and does not crash. Software testing is also required to make sure that the banking system gets up and running in a short time even if it crashes under a great amount of load.
This is a overview of software testing for the banking industry which helps in keeping the system in workable condition for the customers at all time and also protect the money and personal information provided by them.
Security testing is an important part of software testing life cycle and its popularity is increasing day by day due to the advancement which is observable in the cyber crime era. Hackers are becoming more and more powerful day by day leading to the enhancement of the security level of the various apps and sites so that all the loopholes can be covered and the security system of the app is foolproof. As your client will be trusting you with their personal info, it is up to you to safeguard the same too.
- Is the privacy and the confidentiality of your customer protected?
- Does the software you are testing require user name and password for the purpose of logging in?
- Do the client and or the server have any kind of Digital Certificate for operating?
- Did you make sure to verify the beginning and end of the encryption?
- Multiple log-ins at the same time is available or not?
- Is lapse of session due to inactivity applicable to the software?
- Secure pages allow or deny bookmarking of the system?
- Is there a option for the display or the key on both the secure as well as insecure pages?
- Are viewing, right clicking and source enabled?
- Editing the content URL and searching them directly is available or not on the pages?
- Check whether the Digital Certificate which is being used on the page either on the client end or the server ends gets registered on the Cache or not? Security information of the Digital certificate can be crucial and it needs to get deleted from the Cache once you are leaving the application or backspacing from the same. This information should be checked properly.
- Are there any alternate methods to access a page which is secure if the SSL server is not accessible in versions of the app or the device?
- Is the log in and log out from the respective app known or unknown to the user accessing them?
- If there are multiple attempts of logging in to the app or site using misinformation, does the person gets locked out automatically?
- Know if there are user name required and how the system reacts to both valid and invalid usernames and passwords. How many times can a person attempt to log in before being locked? What other ways can the system are surpassed from not putting in the password?
- If the time period of a session expires, how does the system react? Does the user still have access to the site or is he locked out?
- Is the information of the log files traceable easily?
- Information integrity and encryption of files in SSL should be carefully tested for security purpose.
- Is scripting of the software accessible? Can the source code be edited without proper authorization?
- How does the various proxy security servers impact on the software and what is the outcome of the impact?
- Is the load balancing server well capable of transmission of information from one server to another when either one breaks down?
- Is the 128 bit Encryption which is being used, properly verified and tested?
These are some of the main points which should be considered before getting into security testing. These considerations will help you to design the plan of the security testing which will have maximum coverage as well as test the important criteria of the subject under consideration to provide your client with a superior product.